Macalester College, Institute for Global Citizenship

St. Paul, Minnesota

The Institute for Global Citizenship (IGC) unifies three academic units that had been dispersed across the campus: the International Center, the Center for Civic Engagement and the administrative offices of the IGC. The IGC provides a unified center for these activities and has become a symbol of the college’s commitment to ADDITIONAL INFORMATIONCOST PER SQ FT$341.00CITATIONPost-Secondary CitationFEATURED IN2009 Architectural Portfolio citizenship.

The IGC principally is an administrative and research facility—with faculty and staff offices, student work rooms and convergence rooms—all organized around a central gathering space, the Great Court. A ground-level link connects the IGC with related operations in Kagin Hall, situated just to the north. The IGC is designed to accommodate a future phase to be situated to the east of the existing structure.

The IGC occupies the college’s most public site. Pedestrian access is from the west, and service access comes from the east through an existing service that is shared with Kagin Hall. Adjacent to the entry is a garden featuring 100 percent indigenous plants that require no irrigation.

The design challenges were multiple and in some instances conflicted with one another:

•Achieve LEED platinum certification to demonstrate the college’s commitment to sustainable design principles.

•Cost no more than other high-quality campus buildings, about $350/sq. ft. in 2008.

•Respect the scale, texture, palette and architectural traditions of the campus.

•Incorporate architectural traditions that acknowledge the IGC’s role as a "citizen of the world."

•Create the principal entrance on the southeast corner in response to campus pedestrian pathways.

•Respond to the solar loading criteria in the massing and fenestration of the building.

The IGC sets a new standard for building envelope design achieved through a truly integrated design process. For the initial step in the design process, the team of engineers, environmental consultants and architects conducted a charrette and set rigorous targets for energy consumption and building envelope performance.

These goals included:

•Energy consumption that exceeded the criteria of the 2030 challenge.

•Total energy consumption of 25,000 BTUs/sf/year.

•Infiltration rate on 0.15 cfm/sf of envelope area at 50 pascals.

•100 percent natural lighting and operable windows for every workplace.

•LEED platinum certification.

Energy models at the conclusion of the construction documents predict that the IGC will use about 30,000 BTUs/sf/year, equal to 20 percent of the energy consumed by the college’s typical building.

"The solution shows an excellent example of rigorous design. The location on the campus axes is thought out well."--2009 jury